Changes to Tax Credits and Deductions Could Mean Smaller Refunds or Higher Taxes in 2023
Certain tax credits for children and dependents have been reduced, and the charitable deduction some taxpayers took advantage of during the pandemic years is no longer so easy to claim.
Feb. 03, 2023
The IRS began accepting tax returns in late January, and if you were hoping for a bigger tax refund—or at least a smaller tax bill—in the new year, some tax law changes impacting the upcoming 2022 tax year filing season may dampen your spirits.
For starters, certain tax credits for children and dependents have been reduced, and the charitable deduction some taxpayers took advantage of during the pandemic years is no longer so easy to claim.
Reduced Tax Credits
One possible reason a smaller tax refund or larger tax bill may be heading your way is both the child tax credit and the child and dependent care tax credit have been reduced for 2022, doing away with the increases they received from the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021.
In 2021, for instance, the child tax credit offered up to $3,600 per qualifying child. For the 2022 tax year, the child tax credit reverts to its previous amount of up to $2,000 per qualifying child.
The child and dependent care tax credit—which helps certain taxpayers offset the expenses of caring for children, guardians, or disabled dependents (i.e., paying for daycare, babysitters, summer camps, or other care providers)—has also been reduced. In 2021, the credit applied to qualifying care expenses of up to $8,000 for one qualifying person or up to $16,000 for two or more qualifying dependents. For the 2022 tax year, the credit will only apply to qualifying care expenses of up to $3,000 for one qualifying dependent or up to $6,000 for two or more qualifying dependents.
Another factor potentially impacting your tax refund or bill is that claiming a charitable deduction will be more difficult than in recent tax years. Last year, Congress granted charitable organizations and their donors a boost by allowing single donors to deduct up to $300 for cash donations or up to $600 for married couples filing jointly without itemizing their deductions. This deduction wasn’t extended for the 2022 tax year, meaning taxpayers seeking to benefit from their charitable giving in 2022 will need to itemize their deductions. However, this can only be done if itemized deductions for the 2022 tax year exceed $25,900 for joint filers, $19,400 for heads of household, or $12,950 for single filers and married couples filing separately. For taxpayers either at least 65 years old or blind, an additional $1,750 standard deduction can be claimed if filing as single or head of household, or an additional $1,400 if married filing jointly.
Filing federal and state tax returns and trying to maximize all your credits and deductions is always a challenging process. The Illinois CPA Society reminds taxpayers that CPAs, certified public accountants, can help. CPAs are strategically positioned to help file your tax returns and determine all your eligible deductions and credits. The Illinois CPA Society’s free “Find a CPA” directory can help you find the trusted, strategic advisor that’s right for you based on location, types of services needed, and languages spoken. Find an Illinois CPA at www.icpas.org/findacpa.