Helping Not-for-Profits with Better Accounting
Column: From the Trenches
Nov. 01, 2009
From the Nov. 2009 Issue
We all know Not-for-Profit (NFP) organizations that are doing exceptional
work. Whether you are directly employed by an NFP, do charitable work for an
organization or are involved in pro bono work, many accountants help NFP organizations
accomplish their missions. With your accounting skills, and armed with the knowledge
of better software for these organizations, you can affect great change.
WHAT IS NEEDED?
According to SBA data, of the six million businesses in the United States, about
10 percent are NFPs. These businesses may have very small operating budgets
to very large ones. The level of accounting software needed will vary by size
and complexity. Some NFP organizations need fund accounting where others can
be quite well served with regular accounting software. FASB 117 and GASB compliance,
and special re-ports for boards, web presence, volunteer activity, gift-ing,
donors and special events may be some of the requirements.
If your NFP has fundraising activities, this can add an additional level of
complexity to your software needs. First, you should decide if you want your
fundraising software to interface to your accounting software. Next, if you
have development officers, you should assess with them how much information
they need and how easily accessible it should be. Some systems enable web access
or hand-held access in addition to the donation history. Incorporation of outside
research for identifying suspects may be a factor, as well.
Your software system may need to interface with both constituents and donors
via the web. If you have this need, you should look for features that support
building web information dynamically from inside your system. If you are going
to accept donations via a web interface, you should make sure your supplier
is PCI compliant.
Finally, consider your users. How sophisticated are they? Do you have a regular
stream of volunteers that would use your system? How much information can your
organization really use? Do you need analytics for spotting trends including
donations, needs, fraud and dissecting other information? Understanding your
needs before considering products is mandatory.
WHAT IS AVAILABLE?
The number of good NFP software suppliers in the U.S. market is relatively small.
A good working list can be found at: www.accountingsoftwareworld.com/industry_solutions/not_for_profit.
Key publishers with products to consider include those listed below, as well
as Cougar Mountain Software, FUND E-Z and GMS.See the 2009
Not-for-Profit product review.
— This product was developed by many of the people originally involved
in the American Fundware product. They have created a product based on their
experience, and have used current technologies to build it. This product is
available in a hosted version.
— One of the long-term players, this publicly held company has specialized
in fundraising, focusing on schools and foundations. They have offerings in
a number of NFP verticals.
CYMA NFP (cyma.com)
— This entry-level product has after-the-fact payroll, write-up and
recurring entries with splits to complement their NFP fund accounting.
Peachtree Accounting for Nonprofits (peachtree.com)
— Sage Peachtree Premium Accounting for Nonprofits 2010 does more than
just manage the financial side of nonprofit businesses. It can track expenses,
supplies and labor costs against grants and other funding sources, manage
spending across multiple budget years, achieve optimal cash flow using “what
if” scenarios, and use integration with Microsoft Excel and Outlook
to work the way you need to. The Customer Management Center helps nonprofits
view donors and volunteer details in one place, with customizable dashboard
views and one-click lookups. There are Unified- and United Way-based chart
of accounts that ease setup and tracking for outstanding member and pledge
QuickBooks Nonprofit (quickbooks.intuit.com)
— Intuit offers Nonprofit Editions for QuickBooks Premier and QuickBooks
Enterprise Solutions, with customized reports and tools for the NFP industry.
Sage MIP Fund Accounting (sagenonprofit.com)
— For more than 25 years, this fund accounting solution has targeted
nonprofit organizations and governments. Sage MIP Fund Accounting is flexible,
complies with FASB and GASB requirements, and provides individual fund tracking
and reporting software. Sage has a broad number of offerings for integrated
fundraising and web presence, as well.
Serenic Navigator (serenic.com) — This certified extension to the Dynamics
NAV software brings customizable fund accounting to the Microsoft accounting
family of software.
TRAVERSE NFP (osas.com)
— Open Systems TRAVERSE is a customizable solution that can improve
financial management practices and reporting. The system has FASB 117-compliant
reporting, cross fiscal year reporting on all financial reports, and can create
allocation entries for Accounts Payable, General Ledger and Payroll while
also handling due to/due from transactions.
WHO INSTALLS THESE PRODUCTS?
In most cases, the systems named above are supported by local installers, partners,
resellers or VARs in your market. A few of the companies will do direct installation.
You will want to check the installing partner’s capabilities carefully,
including contacting referral accounts. In markets where nonprofit activities
are high, excellent installers are available for these products. If your organization
is not in an active nonprofit marketplace, you will need to budget additional
money for installation, and you will need to plan on more remote support.
As you step through the process of selecting a viable replacement system,
remember that cheaper or more expensive does not necessarily equal better. Look
for a good philosophical and practical fit for your clients’ NFP organizations.
See inside November 2009 issue
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