From the May 2012 Issue.
This is the seventh year I have been invited to prepare this review of document management systems (DMS) for CPA Practice Advisor. So I thought I would start out my journey for this year’s assignment by going back and reading some of the reviews from the prior years.
[Editor's Note: CPA Practice Advisor divides products into "document management" and "document storage" categories. This review is of more fully-featured management solutions. Click here to see our June 2012 review of document storage solutions.]
One of my first observations was to see that 50% of the systems reviewed this year were included in the first review seven years ago. The next key observation was the fact that all of the vendors have extended the functionality of their solutions over the years to include an integrated client portal and/or workflow application. Both of these are clearly direct responses to the needs of the market place.
The more these applications are integrated, the greater the value to your practice. So it is great to see that this market continues to move forward. Another key observation is that nearly every vendor is moving their solution to the cloud, as either an option, or as the primary method of deployment. This is consistent with the software market at large. The tremendous success of “cloud” solutions is the result of the compelling value proposition provided.
Enough about the past, let us take try to look into the future direction of DMS solutions. The evolution of DMS over the past ten years has been slow but steady, which is just fine because it takes time for a firm to implement all of the extended functionality.
2012 Reviews of Document Management
There are three clear paths that the DMS systems will likely continue to focus on in the coming years:
- SaaS – Moving to a SaaS (software as a service) model deployed through the cloud. These solutions fall into two camps; web based and web enabled. Unfortunately, we don’t have the space to get into a detailed discussion of the differences. For now let’s simplify the differences; Web based software is designed from the ground up to be run through your internet browser. Web enabled, on the other hand, means that the software is run through a traditional client server model via the internet. Either format can be an effective solution. However, as the move towards “everything web based” continues to progress, those systems will have a better platform from which to establish integration with other cloud bases systems.
- Client Portals – Many of the DMS vendors have been offering integrated portal solutions for a while now. What is changing is that many firms have been to embrace the portal in large numbers. The result is that it is putting more focus on the portal features by the vendors. I think we can expect to see the client portal functionality continue to progress nicely in the coming years.
- Workflow Software – This application has been embraced at a slower pace than the portal. However, the impact on the efficiency of the business processes can be even more significant. With the growth of cloud computing, we are seeing an important shift in the information systems paradigm. The shift for accounting and tax practices is in the form of extending workflows to clients. The portal application facilitates this for exchanging files back and forth. The workflow software facilitates this by managing the flow of engagement and document information through all of the different steps. The ability to have a central control panel to monitor and facilitate an engagement in a digital world will become increasingly important. We can expect this functionality to continue to evolve over the next few years.
- Tablet Integration – The future of integration between the DMS and the Apple iPad, as well as other tablet devices, is less clear to me. However, there is no question that developing an effective integration between the DMS and the tablet devices would put a vendor at a significant competitive advantage. The ability to easily bring documents and other files down to a tablet form the DMS would really help accelerate the adoption of DMS. Think about your daily work activities and how many times it would be beneficial to carry something as portable as a tablet device and be able to view and annotate documents with touch technology and then upload them back to the DMS. Just having this ability for team meetings in the conference room is enough to justify the cost of the tablet investment, in my opinion. Hopefully, the vendors will develop this functionality over the next couple of years.
We have discussed the past and the future of DMS solutions, now let’s turn to what we have available today with our 2012 reviews. We are continuing to use the same review criteria this year, as described in the following paragraphs. In addition, we have added a new feature of including a case study for each solution from a firm that has successfully deployed the application.
I really enjoyed talking with practitioners who have been through the implementation process, because it provides a constant reminder that success depends as much on attitude, effort and culture as the software’s capability itself. Be sure to read the case studies to pick up some useful tips about the benefits achieved and the lessons learned.
Core Product Functions and Features
- Overall ease of use and intuitiveness of the application
- Ability to upload files easily
- Configurable metadata for cataloguing documents and files
- Reporting tools
- Tax software integration
- Audit / accounting software integration
- MS Office / Outlook integration
- Document / file routing features
- Document security – user access and editing controls
- Retention management - automate the purging of expired files
- Version control – managing the iterations of a file throughout its life cycle
- Check-in / Check-out – control simultaneous access and editing of files
- Integrated client portal
- Integrated scanning and document recognition
- Browser based
- SaaS / hosted option
In addition to rating the applications on each of the attributes listed above, I have included a “best firm fit” with highlights of strengths and potential limitations, followed by a case study that documents how one firm is using the system in a "real work" environment.