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5 Themes Shaping the Future of Accounting

For accountants to fulfill their full potential in the coming years, they will need to prepare for the following five fundamental changes.

By James Paille, CPP.

Accounting firms have faced a volatile profession in the past year as teams struggled with burnout while staff shortages increased, regulatory changes caught firms off guard – increasing compliance and security concerns – and tax laws became increasingly more confusing for clients and CPAs alike.

Evolving client demands rank among the top drivers influencing recent shifts in accounting and firms must find new ways to deliver exceptional service. As accounting firms strive to adapt to new challenges, ensuring they deliver on their core responsibility in the future will be a priority.

For accountants to fulfill their full potential in the coming years, they will need to prepare for the following five fundamental changes.

  1. Recruiting and retaining top employees will force firms to break the status quo

IRIS Software Group surveyed its customers and found that 70% listed recruiting and retaining good employees as their firm’s top challenge in 2023. But this is not surprising as more than 300,000 U.S. accountants and auditors have left their jobs between 2021 and 2022. 

The war for top accountancy talent has many firms thinking of innovative ways to attract and retain top people. Historically, the accountancy profession has offered low starting salaries for new graduates and harnessed legacy software that required repetitive and mundane manual processes to get the job done.

Now, firms will need to break these historical ideologies and embrace new processes and tools to attract young talent. Higher starting salaries can make firms more competitive and attract students to explore accounting as a potential career option. Furthermore, harnessing workflow technology can enable firms to streamline tasks and invest in professional development for promising employees.

  • Payroll expectations to change

In 2022, 61% of accounting firms reported offering their clients payroll services. Firms understand offering payroll services alongside traditional bookkeeping and accounting services can create a new recurring revenue stream for their business and offer value add for clients. 

But the possibility of new federal regulation around money transmitter license requirements for payroll providers has been looming for several years, with some states having already enacted state level requirements. Firms must begin evaluating their payroll provider if they already offer payroll to ensure they remain compliant when new regulations go into effect. 

  • Cloud-based software systems become the norm

Along with the move away from legacy technology to strengthen talent attraction will come the adoption of new cloud-based systems. Today’s young talent grew up with cloud technology in their everyday lives – from completing school assignments on Google Drive to sharing photos with friends on Facebook. 

This expectation for cloud based systems is already starting to spill over into the workplace and firms will need to adopt systems that offer multiple benefits including seamless document sharing with peers and work from anywhere capabilities. Eliminating manual, mundane tasks in favor of cloud-based systems will become the norm across the profession. 

  • Customized data analysis for clients 

Accountants are privy to key business documents, including financials, organization structure and planning. Their access to these documents makes accountants a precious resource to executives. But executives often cannot sift through thousands of documents to find key insights to inform their strategy. 

Over the next several years, businesses will likely increasingly turn to their accountants to analyze critical business data and provide key insights and analysis to inform business decisions. Along with this shift, firms must harness the technology that enables this type of analysis.

  • Cyberattacks will increase 

Accounting firms house sensitive client financial data, making them a prime target for cybercriminals to execute attacks. Q1 2023 alone saw 1,707,880 cyberattack victims in the financial services sector. Furthermore, accounting firms that rely on legacy systems for core business processes are at heightened risk for an attack. Cybercriminals often look for the path of least resistance and outdated or unpatched systems create an easy entry point. 

Cybercriminals will continue to evolve their tactics, and as such, firms must adopt technology focusing on data security. They must also extend this expectation to third-party vendors and look for cybersecurity certifications such as System and Organization Controls (SOC). 

Prepare for the future

The accounting profession will continue to significantly change over the next few years – with the current talent shortage and changes to the CPA exam format taking effect in January 2024, impacting the talent pipeline into the profession. Firms must take action today to remain ahead of their competitors by continuously driving value for clients despite current hardships.


James Paille is a Certified Payroll Professional and Director of Compliance for IRIS Software Group Americas.