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Workflow Optimization Requires A Good Scanner

From the Sept. 2008 Issue

I’m writing this article after finishing my second day as a concession
stand volunteer at the PGA Open golf tournament at Oakland Hills Country Club
in Birmingham, Michigan. And I got to thinking about the similarities between
the food preparation process and the scanning process. Despite the fact that
we were a group of inexperienced volunteers stumbling over ourselves, we successfully
satisfied our patrons’ needs by serving a quality food product. The analogy
is that the higher the quality of your scanning images, the more successful
the “scan, organize and populate” process will be in transferring
data from your paper documents directly into your tax and accounting software.

This article is written as a supplement to Isaac O’Bannon’s review
of scan, organize and populate products (see
to help you optimize the scanning process with maximum quality and efficiency
in creating the scanned images that those tools require. The objective is to
help you develop a better understanding of what’s important to look for
in selecting your scanner equipment and provide some insight into “best
practices” for establishing your scanning workflow.

Let’s start with an explanation of the alternative types of scanners.
The flatbed scanner was the original scanner configuration. As the name implies,
the scanner is a flat unit that processes a single page at a time and requires
a lot of inefficient paper handling, due to the need to move pages in and out
by hand. Fortunately, some of the newer models do offer an optional automatic
document feeder, but they are typically large devices designed for one-up or
low-volume scanning operations. One key benefit of the flatbed scanner is that
it may give you the ability to scan over-sized documents.

The sheet-fed scanner has automatic document feeding engineered into it as
a core component. These scanners can handle document batches ranging in size
from a few dozen sheets to a few hundred sheets, depending on your requirements.
They can be extremely fast because of the integration between the feeder and
the image processing component. These scanners come in a wide variety of models
with various ranges of speed, capacity, portability and more. This is the optimal
scanner type because it allows you to set up a high-speed dedicated scanning

The third scanner type, and perhaps the most popular form, is the MFD (multi-function
device.) These devices serve multiple functions: scanning, photocopying, printing
and sometimes even faxing. Their most appealing feature is price, because the
cost is allocated among all of the features. The biggest drawback to the MFD
is that it requires you to get up from your desk and walk over to scan your
documents. This may seem like a minor inconvenience, but in peak workloads it
can create real inefficiencies. The bottom line is that if you have already
invested in a MFD, you should try to leverage it as your first choice for scanning,
but realize that you may want to switch gears as you begin to appreciate the
benefits that come with a dedicated scanner.

On the topic of document feeders, two of the more important attributes to evaluate
are the capacity of the document tray and the paper sizes that can be accommodated.
In terms of size, the ability to handle small documents (i.e. credit card receipts,
cash register receipts, checks, etc.) is more important than the ability to
scan documents larger than 8 ½ x 11. Ideally, the sheet feeder can process
various paper sizes in a single batch in order for you to efficiently scan the
multitude of document sizes that your 1040 clients typically present you with.
The required capacity of your document feeder is relative to the volume of scanning
you anticipate during peak periods and whether or not you plan to centralize
the scanning function in your office. If you will be deploying a distributed
scanner model where everyone is responsible for their own scanning (not something

I typically recommend), then you can get by with a 25 to 50 page feeder. If
you establish a dedicated scanning function, which generally will result in
a more efficient workflow, then you will want a feeder capacity of 100 pages
or more.

The speed of the scanner is one of the key features to evaluate. The last thing
you want to have is a situation where you have someone waiting idly for the
scanner to process a batch of documents, particularly if your professional staff
is responsible for their own scanning. The two primary factors that impact the
scanning speed are the speed of the document feeder and the rate at which the
scanning engine can process the image. You don’t really need to worry
about these details; you can simply focus on the scanner’s speed rating
measured in terms of ppm (pages per minute.)

On the low end, the portable scanners typically fall in the 5 to 10 ppm rating,
individual desktop scanners will fall in the 20 to 40 ppm range and the departmental
or workgroup category of scanners will operate in the 50 to 200 ppm range. When
comparing the speed of different models, be sure you are comparing apples to
apples by comparing simplex (single-sided) or duplex (dual-sided) document scanning
speeds. Some scanners will also scan color documents at a lower rate. In an
accounting and tax practice, the focus is on scanning in black and white because
that is the format for the overwhelming share of your documents.

The quality of the scanned image is important, but frankly, nearly every scanner
is going to provide an acceptable level of quality for tax and accounting related
documents. From a “best practice” perspective, you should scan your
documents at either a 200 dpi (dots per inch) or 300 dpi level. The higher the
resolution, the better the image quality will be, but at the expense of scanning
speed and file size. If you are using the “populate” software, the
resolution becomes even more important because you eliminate the step of having
a human interpret the values on the scanned document. So the quality of the
image has to be optimized. Many scanners allow you to establish the resolution
at the time of scanning so that in those situations where you need a higher
quality image you can increase the setting. By the way, don’t hesitate
to scan a sample batch of documents before you purchase a scanner, and don’t
be concerned about returning a scanner that doesn’t meet your quality
standards. It’s typically not that big of a task to set up and configure
a scanner.

On a more technical note, the two most popular scanner interfaces are ISIS
(Image and Scanner Interface Specification) and TWAIN (Technology without an
Interesting Name or “never the twain shall meet.”) Without getting
too technical, suffice it to say that these are competing industry standards
that facilitate the interface between your scanning device and the various software
applications that process the scanned images. Each standard has its own technical
benefits, a discussion that is well beyond the scope of this article. Most of
the brand name scanners support both interfaces, but you want to verify that
a particular scanner is compatible with whatever image processing software you
may want to utilize.

Another aspect of the scanner interface to consider is what type of connection
the scanner supports. The two most popular options today are SCSI (small computer
systems interface) and USB (universal serial bus.) USB has rapidly emerged as
the more popular option due to the widespread availability of USB connections
in personal computers and the advances in the speed of the data transfer. The
SCSI interface will usually require installing an SCSI controller card in your
computer, but it may be the required connection mode for some of the advanced
image processing software that is discussed below.

Image processing software, and sometimes hardware, is designed to take the
image created by your scanner and further enhance its quality. This is much
like the concept of photo touchups performed by professional photographers.
In other words, it makes the image look better than it actually is. The most
important role of this software is to perform optical character recognition
(OCR) on the image, which makes the image contents both editable and searchable.
This is a critical aspect of a document management system so that you can conduct
context-based searches. Additional features of this software include automatic
document rotation, blank page detection and deletion, automatic cropping of
non-standard image sizes, de-speckling document images, and more. Some scanners
include this software as part of a bundle, while others require you to purchase
them separately. So when comparing features and costs of alternative scanners,
make sure you are comparing apples to apples. Two of the more popular image
processing applications are VRS (VirtualReScan) from Kofax and ABBYY FineReader

Last, but not least, cost is obviously one of the key factors driving your
decision to select a particular scanner. The bottom line is that the market
is very competitive. Therefore, you aren’t likely to find wide variances
in the pricing of comparably equipped scanners from two separate vendors. If
there is a big discrepancy, it is probably the result of a different feature
set. So be sure you understand what the key specifications are for each scanner
before you buy. The biggest impact on price is the speed and capacity of the
scanner. Low-end personal/portable scanners will range from $250 to $500. Mid-range
desktop scanners range between $750 and $1,500.

The high-end workgroup or departmental scanners will range in prices from $2,000
and up. One of the advantages of establishing a centralized scanning operation
is that you can invest in a single, higher quality, higher performance scanner,
rather than purchasing multiple scanners at a lower cost.

Always be on the lookout for bundled specials that may include image processing
software, Adobe Acrobat, or other software tools.

Hopefully, this article has achieved the objective of equipping you with the
knowledge necessary to make the best scanner investment for your practice. The
better the quality of your scanned images, the more effective the scan, organize
and populate software covered here (
will perform for you.