Wisconsin taxpayers who pay for college tuition, health insurance or child care -- and those who lose money at the gambling table -- may be eligible for bigger breaks on their state taxes this year.
There are few changes in Wisconsin income tax rules from 2011 to 2012, said Mike Scholz, tax partner with Wegner CPAs, Madison. But those are some of the categories that did see adjustments and deserve extra attention as taxpayers fill out their state returns, he said.
Meanwhile, the state Department of Revenue is out with a new mobile app that will let taxpayers get information about their tax payments or their refund, wherever they are. And officials said they are hoping more than four of every five Wisconsin taxpayers will file electronically this year.
Changes in tax laws
Changes in state income tax laws for individuals include:
--Health insurance premium deduction.
--Child and dependent care expenses deduction.
For health insurance, workers whose company pays a chunk of the premium cost can now deduct 45 percent of their own payments, up from 25 percent last year.
It doesn't apply to those who set aside part of their paycheck, pre-tax, in a cafeteria plan that lets them cover some medical costs.
The deduction for child and dependent care expenses has doubled, from $750 to $1,500 for a qualified child or dependent in 2011 and from a maximum $1,500 for more than one child to a maximum $3,000.
While this deduction has been available for a long time at the federal level, 2011 was the first year it was added for state income taxes. In both cases, there is an income limit in order to qualify.
Up to $6,543 of tuition costs can be deducted in 2012, an increase from $6,185 in 2011. That deduction has risen almost every year since 2004, when it was $3,000. But it is the maximum amount a taxpayer can take. It phases out above certain income levels, and it only applies to Wisconsin higher education institutions and those in Minnesota covered by a reciprocity agreement between the two states.
New credits for businesses
Businesses and business investors can take advantage of new credits for biodiesel fuel production, electronic medical records, and employing veterans.
Companies can, for the first time, take a state tax credit of $2,000 for every unemployed veteran hired for a part-time job and $4,000 for those hired for full-time work. The veterans have to meet certain qualifications, though, including a service-related disability.
Health care providers can claim up to $10 million in state tax credits for buying electronic medical records hardware and software that is certified by the federal government. And biofuel producers that manufacture at least 2.5 million gallons of biodiesel a year can claim a credit of up to $1 million.
A win for gamblers
There are new state and Internal Revenue Service rules this year on deducting gambling expenses, Wegner CPAs' Scholz said, and they apply whether the gambling takes place in Wisconsin or elsewhere.
In the past, for example, someone who won $1,000 from gambling but then lost it all would have to pay taxes on the $1,000 in winnings, anyway.
Now, a person who wins but then loses those winnings in the same gambling session does not have to claim the earlier gains. But there's a catch: it has to be at the same session, not over several days.
"If I sit down either at a table or slot machine and don't take a break for lunch, just sit and gamble for an entire morning, I can net my gains and losses (from that period)," Scholz explained.
He said he thinks quite a few people will be able to take advantage of the new benefit.
"At least the gamblers I know, they typically put all their winnings back into the machine. In most cases, they're breaking even if they're lucky," he said.
The hard part is going to be figuring out how to document the activity, Scholz added.